Nature Park
Stara planina

basic information


11 km²

number of visitors

number of visitors


number of visitors




Nature Park Stara planina is located in eastern Serbia on the territory of the municipalities of Zajecar, Knjazevac, Pirot, and Dimitrovgrad. Stara planina is part of the mountain complex of the Balkans, whose western part is located in Serbia. The mountain massif of Stara Planina is dominated by the rivers Trgoviški Timok, Beli Timok, Visočica and Toplodolska, while mountain massifs are covered with mountain streams, rapids and waterfalls. The highest peak of Stara Planina in Serbia is Midžor (2169 attitude). The more prominent peaks of the Old Mountain are Babin zub (1758 m attitude), Orlov Kamen (1737 m attitude),  Tri čuke (1937 m attitude), Srebrna glava (1933 m attitude).


Nature Park is also connected to the mountain Vidlč (1413m attitutde)

The total area of the Nature Park is 114,332 ha.

Stara Planina was declared as Nature Park (1997) as the area of first category - national importance, extremely valuable from plant diversity point of view and animal world and their communities, as well as geomorphological, geological, hydrological and hydrogeological features and phenomena where is traditional form of life and cultural goods are presented. The Government of Republic of Serbia has entrusted management of Nature Park Stara planina to Public Enterprise Srbija šume.

Nature Park Stara planina is distinguished by the exceptional diversity of wild plant and animal world, which consists of 1.200 species and subspecies of higher plants, among which there are 115 endemic species, 50 species are on the list of endangered European flora (some of which are classified in the category of critically endangered species, such as androsace/mužika, stag's-horn clubmoss, mountain pine , and sundews, etc.), 150 species of nesting birds that mainly represent the natural rarities of Serbia (among which are particularly significant as rare and endangered species such as long-legged buzzard, golden eagle, saker falcon, western capercaillie, corn crake, mountain plover, horned lark, alpine chough, old world flycatchers, common rock thrush and others), 30 species of mammals (including 20 species that are natural rarities or endangered species, bank and snow vole, spermophilus, lesser mole-rat, edible dormouse, hazel dormouse, etc.), 6 species of amphibians, 12 species of reptiles (among which is rare species such as viviparous lizard), 26 species of fish.

On the Stara Planina are developed relict polidominanate forest communities, which build plant species of endemic and relic character, and as particularly valuable areas so far are separated reserves:

  • The strict natural reserve Draganište, which covers the ecosystem of spruce forests of the Picetum excelsae serbicum, Rudski in 1949, which builds a typical belt on Stara Planina.
  • Strict Natural Reserve Golema Reka, which includes an autochthonous forest community of rainforest type formed by mountain beech Luzulo-Fagetum serbicum community, and is intended for the preservation of the genofund.
  • Strict nature reserve Vražja glava which represents a significant site in part of Stara Planina forest complex, where it is possible to follow spontaneous development and succession of plant species that are in their composition, especially the mountain maple (Acer heldreichii), that is endemic on Balkan peninsula. In these forests, there is also a rare plant species of Pirola minor.
  • Strict nature reserve Tri Čuke is the most interesting, because it includes rare subalpine community of mountain pines (Pinotum Mughi) on the highest peaks and is the only site where mountain pines have been preserved.
  • Strict nature reserve Smrče, is separated due to well-preserved and beautiful spruce forests on Stara Planina and Serbia in general with typical bog and sphagnum communities.
  • Strict nature reserve Kopren, which represents the site of plants from the carnivores family: Drosera rotundifolia L. and Pinguicula sp.
  • Strict nature reserve Bratkova strana, as a habitat of the western capercaillie (Tetreo Urogallus Linn).

Stara Planina monumental heritage, as a reflection of spirit and traces of living population that lived there, is in traces of prehistoric, ancient and Roman remains; late medieval monastery ensembles (with architecture, painting, and immediate surroundings are unique in wider area); numerous ethno objects, numerous farms with native races and varieties of domestic animals, and herbal cultures.

- Babin Zub Ski Centre with 13 km of arranged trails of different levels of difficulties, which is for almost 5 months a year under snow

- Over 100 km of well-groomed hiking paths to Midžora, Koprena , Tri čuke, Babin zub, Kopren, and others.

- Temštica canyon and waterfalls on Toplodolska river (Pilj 64 m is one of the highest waterfalls in Serbia, lower and upper Čungulj, Kurtolski waterfall, waterfall Vurnje).

- Arbinj waterfalls and Tupavica waterfall on the river Dojkinačka, Arbinj waterfalls represent a whole series of waterfalls and cascades on the river Dojkinačka and its tributaries. The water is clear and drinkable, there is no pollution, the habitat of trout and river crustaceans.

- The Rosomače Canyon - an important object of the geo heritage with a profile of Jurassic sediments and fossil remains created in the deepest parts of the sea.

- Zavojsko Lake - a popular destination for vacation and fishing. In the waters of the Zavojsko Lake can be found: carp, pike, chub, perch, while the tributaries of Zavojsko Lake are the habitat of trout and noble crayfish.

- Vladikin canyon on river Visočica. It is characterized by pure water, rich with fish, diverse landscapes, gorges and canyons. Vladikin plates were created by breaking the river through the limestone massif, creating an imposing canyon, which is in many places impassable. Along the course, the river Visočica is rich with trout, chub and Mediterranean barbel, and the conditions for fly-fishing are excellent. There are several caves that can be seen above the riverbed at a height of about 86m. This cave system is particularly interesting because of remains that indicate the presence of a prehistoric man in it.

JP „Srbija šume – Beograd
Bulevar Mihajla Pupina br. 113, 11070 Novi Beograd
Phone +381 11 711 27 70; +381 11 711 34 10, faks +381 11 711 85 13
Šumsko gazdinstvo „Pirot – Pirot
RJ „Park prirode Stara planina - upravnik Igor Petrović
Special Nature Reserve skih Vladara br. 6 , Pirot
Phone: +381 10 342 474 ; faks +381 10 342 474
Šumsko Gazdinstvo „Timočke šume – Boljevac
Dragiše Petrovića br. 5, Boljevac
Phone: +381 30 463 879; +381 30 463 443; faks +381 30 463 441